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Turabian Citation Style Guide for College Students

Some students, once they encounter the Turabian Style when writing essays, end up complaining that writing academic papers is boring and tough. However, we assure you that with the right attitude writing theses, dissertations, research papers, term papers, and reports is never a boring but enjoyable process.

You only need the right motivation and creativity to write even complex papers that entail statistics, graphs, and long paragraphs. Yes, even the complex lab reports after performing experiments can become easy.

Are you looking to write a Turabian style paper that meets the distinction mark? If that sounds like you, then please grab some cold drink because you need to read this post to the end.

We have compiled a short, clear, and concise writing guide for Turabian formatting style to enable you do it faster. In this guide you will learn:

What is Turabian Style?

We all owe thanks to Kate Turabian for developing the Turabian Style. Kate Turabian was the dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago. Her book A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, sheds more light on the Turabian formatting style including how to set up a Turabian style page.

The Turabian Style is based on the Chicago style of writing. Also, it is majorly used when writing humanity papers such as history papers, religion papers, English Literature papers, Philosophy papers, and sometimes in other disciplines.

When formatting scholarly books, the Chicago formatting style is the standard. However, since students always had issues writing papers, the focus of Kate Turabian was on the rules refined for paper writing.

Therefore, the Turabian style deviates from Chicago Style in a few ways as it omits the information only relevant to publishers.

There are two formatting conventions under Turabian Style:

When instructed to write Turabian Style papers, always stick to the endnotes and footnotes variant, unless specified.

How a Perfect Turabian Style Paper should be formatted

Margins: the margins should be 1-inch and no more than 1.5 inches.

Typeface and Font: Times New Roman, 12 pt. font is always preferred. If you must use a lower font size, it should not be below 10 pt.

Spacing: Your entire Turabian Style Paper should be double-spaced. However, there are a few exceptions, including block quotes, footnotes, endnotes, bibliographies, reference lists, table titles, and figure captions.

Page Numbering: Page numbers always begin on the first page where you start the text. This means that the Turabian Style Cover Page or title page does not have a page number. The page numbers must appear on the top right of the page header or the bottom center of the footer.

Title page: The title pages vary per the requirements. Be sure to acquaint yourself with various Turabian Style cover pages or title pages for college papers.

Inserting Footnotes in Turabian Style Papers

Word processors will format and number the notes automatically. That is how exciting and smooth technology has made education. Any deletion or update of the notes will be automatically corrected in the paper.

How to Cite the Bible in Chicago/Turabian Style

When referring to whole books or chapters of the Apocrypha or Bible in the text of your Turabian Style Papers, state the name of the books and avoid italicizing or Underlining them.

For example, 2 Samuel records the entire confrontation between Prophet Nathan and King David.

When citing the bible in endnotes, footnotes, and parenthetical citations, there is no need to include the Bible in your reference list or bibliography.

If you are to cite a specific passage or the scripture, only use the abbreviated name of the book, chapter, and verse numbers. However, DO NOT include the page number. The chapter and verse numbers are always separated by a colon.

Example: 1 Cor. 13:5, 15: 12-20.


First Citation: Pss. 121:3-4, 128:3 (English Standard Version).

Subsequent Short Citation: Jn. 3:16.


Citation with Section: Qur’an 8 (Al-Anfal):1.

Citation without Section: Qur’an 1:3.

Bibliography Entry: The Bible and other sacred works do not need to be included in the bibliography.

How to Cite a Movie in Chicago/Turabian Style

When citing motion pictures or movies in Turabian, your citation must include the title of the film, date of release, name of the studio or entity that produced it, and director’s name etc.

      Note NumberTitle of Movie, directed by First Name of Director Last Name of Director, featuring (Names of Primary Actors & Actresses) (Name of Producing or Distributing Company, Year), Format of Movie (Distributing Company, Year).


  1. Crumb, directed by Terry Zwigoff (Superior Pictures, 1994), DVD (Sony Pictures, 2006).
  2. Fast Times at Ridgemont High, directed by Amy Heckerling, screenplay by Cameron Crowe, featuring Jennifer Jason Leigh and Sean Penn (Universal Pictures, 1982), DVD (2002).

Bibliographic Entry:

Last Name, First Name of Director, dir. Title of the Movie. Name of the producing company, Year. Format. Name of Distributing Company, Year.


Title of Movie. Directed by First Name and Last Name of Director. Name of Producing Company, Year, Format. Name of Distributing Company, Year.

Author-Date or Parenthetical Style

In-text: (Director’s Last Name Year)

Example: (McDonald's Corporation 2011)

Reference List: Director’s Last Name, Director’s First Name, dir. Year. Title of the Movie. Name of Producing Company. Format, Name of Distributing Company, Year.

How to Cite Turabian Style

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

First Citation: Aldous Huxley, Brave New World (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1932), 25.

Subsequent Short Citation: Huxley, New World, 25.

Bibliography:  Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1932.

Author-Date/Parenthetical Style

Parenthetical Citation: (Huxley 1932, 25)

Entry in a Reference List: Huxley, Aldous. 1932. Brave New World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co.

Anonymous Author

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

If the author’s identity is hinted at:

First Citation: [Jack Coleman?], A Presidential Novel (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011), 15.

Subsequent Short Citation: [Coleman?], Presidential Novel, 15.

If the author’s identity is completely unknown:

First Citation: A Presidential Novel (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011), 15.

Subsequent Short Citation: A Presidential Novel, 15.

Entry in a Bibliography: If the author’s identity is hinted at [Jack Coleman?]. A Presidential Novel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.

If the author’s identity is completely unknown: A Presidential Novel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.

Organization as Author

Footnote/Endnote Citation

First Citation: Canadian Pro-Canada Association, Top Fifty Canadians of All Time (Montreal: Canada Wild Publishers, 2008), 184.

Subsequent Short Citation: CPA, Top Fifty Canadians, 184.

Bibliography: Canadian Pro-Canada Association. Top Fifty Canadians of All Time. Montreal: Canada Wild Publishers, 2008.

Setting up a Turabian Style Paper Faster

GradeCrest.com is a custom academic writing website. You can get help with formatting your paper in Turabian. Besides, we can give you samples on how to format papers in Turabian style.

We cannot judge you for asking for help even with proofreading and improving your essays, papers, and term papers.

Our expert essay writers have advanced citation and formatting skills. They also possess years of experience and understand what it takes to help students perform better.

If you are after excellent grades and high scores in your next assignment, we can always make that a reality. We are your paper formatting companion and can make your paper be the top pick as an example of a proper Turabian style paper formatting for the entire class.

Remember, you do not have to format your paper in Turabian Style yourself. We have experts and professionals that can complete your assignments and insert the parenthetical citations, footnotes, and endnotes in all the right places. Besides, we only use scholarly sources like books, articles, peer-reviewed journals, and industry websites when writing Turabian Style Papers. Trust us for both 8th edition and 9th edition Turabian Formatting Styles.

If you are looking for a place to buy Turabian research papers, GradeCrest is definitely what you are after. We have the best writing experts around and affordable prices thanks to our discounts and earning-per-referral program.