Students undertaking science subjects such as biology, physics, chemistry, and biochemistry submit laboratory reports for grading. The lab reports are pieces of scientific, academic writing that discusses what the students did, what they learned from an experiment, and why the finding matter. Therefore, a laboratory report discusses the findings and compares them to the literature before making conclusions. Our aim is to educate you on how to write a lab report. Our experts have delved deep.
Ordinarily, most of the lab report assessors are looking for evidence that you understand the scientific experiment process. Besides, they are also testing you for the structure of a lab report depending on the respective discipline conventions.
This article will transform you from a novice lab report writer to a pro laboratory report writer. Let us introduce you to how to write a lab report.
If there is one thing that disturbs most students who ask how to write a lab report it is the structure of a lab report. Fundamentally, a lab report has six major sections. The sections include the abstract, introduction, procedures, results and discussion, conclusion, and the appendices.
The title page comes first, and its purpose is to identify the focus of the lab report and the author.
Should offer a relevant background of the experiment and introduce some of the relevant theories. It should feature the hypotheses and the problem statement.
The introduction should be clear and concise. Essentially, you should state the objectives of the experiment here. Also, talk about how the data was collected, the value of the experiment, the methods of analysis and visualization.
It should play the role of introducing your audience to your report including its scope.
As the name suggests, this section of your lab report should feature a complete description of the materials, procedures, and equipment used in the experiment or laboratory activity.
It might be prudent to include flowcharts of the procedures and the diagrams of the experimental setup. However, this is only for the extended lab reports.
Explain how the experiment was conducted and how the results were obtained, stored, and analyzed.
Ensure that the report is logical and that you use simple language. Avoid scientific lingo if possible.
Some of the questions to ask: How was the equipment set up? Which materials were used? What steps were used in data collection? Were any encountered during the experiment?
This section of your report carries its weight. It should detail the collected data, its manipulation or analysis, and its interpretation. The observations are always recorded first. This can be visually done in tables, graphs, or through statistical quotations.
You should discuss how the data was analyzed and include an error analysis for credibility. You can also include the error bars: it gives it a professional look. Provide the limitations of the experiment and make recommendations for future directions on such experiments.
Reiterate the hypothesis and the research question and connect them to your findings.
This is also where you use theory to support or argue against your findings.
Here, reiterate the problem statement that prompted the investigation.
Provide a summary of the findings given your hypothesis and theoretical framework.
If you used any reagent that is novel to you, this is the chance to document the same. Also, be sure to include all the problems you encountered during the experiment process.
Give the implications of your findings and the recommendations for future studies.
Most of those stuck with how to write a lab report does not know what comes in the appendix.
The appendix should have the figures, diagrams, flowcharts, and tables as well as formulae used in the report.
Ensure that you have a separate appendix for each of the items for flow and organization. You could name them appendix 1, 2, 3…..
The appendix comes before the reference section.
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Here is also a good resource for a sample lab report. It is standard practice to proofread your lab report after writing. Imagine writing a perfect paper only to be turned down due to grammar errors. That is gross.
It is important to ensure you develop lab writing skills when in college. Immediately you transition into practice, it becomes hard to collaborate if you have poor lab writing skills.
Our article educates you and makes you tick. But doing an outstanding college lab report or a scientific report depends on your passion. We propose that you build passion in your subject of study.